KALA_Current_Folio_10Q

Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 


 

FORM 10-Q

 


 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2019

OR

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from           to       

Commission file number 001-38150

 


 

 

KALA PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 


 

 

 

Delaware

27-0604595

(State or other jurisdiction of

(I.R.S. Employer

incorporation or organization)

Identification No.)

 

 

 

 

490 Arsenal Way, Suite 120

 

Watertown, MA

02453

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

 

(781) 996-5252

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 


 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15 (d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes   No 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted  pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes   No 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

 

 

 

 

Large accelerated filer 

Accelerated filer 

Non-accelerated filer 

Smaller reporting company 

 

 

 

Emerging growth company 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes   No  

 

 

 

 

 

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act

Title of each class

Common Stock, $0.001 par value per share 

Trading symbol(s)

KALA

Name of each exchange on which registered

The Nasdaq Global Select Market

 

There were 33,882,857 shares of Common Stock, $0.001 par value per share, outstanding as of May 7, 2019

 

 

 

 

 


 

Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 

 

    

Page

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION 

      

 

 

 

 

Item 1. 

Financial Statements (Unaudited)

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' equity as of March 31, 2019 and 2018

 

5

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018

 

6

 

 

 

 

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

7

 

 

 

 

Item 2. 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

23

 

 

 

 

Item 3. 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

34

 

 

 

 

Item 4. 

Controls and Procedures

 

34

 

 

 

 

PART II – OTHER INFORMATION 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1. 

Legal Proceedings

 

34

 

 

 

 

Item 1A. 

Risk Factors

 

35

 

 

 

 

Item 2. 

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

82

 

 

 

 

Item 6. 

Exhibits

 

83

 

 

 

 

SIGNATURES 

 

84

 

 

2


 

Table of Contents

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item  1 Financial Statements

KALA PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(UNAUDITED)

(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

March 31, 

 

December 31, 

 

    

2019

    

2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash

 

$

138,944

 

$

170,898

Accounts receivable, net

 

 

4,674

 

 

 —

Inventory

 

 

5,415

 

 

4,095

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

1,416

 

 

2,035

Total current assets

 

 

150,449

 

 

177,028

Noncurrent assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property and equipment, net

 

 

2,849

 

 

2,166

Right-of-use assets

 

 

31,143

 

 

29,566

Restricted cash

 

 

12,575

 

 

12,206

Total assets

 

$

197,016

 

$

220,966

Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

2,647

 

$

5,446

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

 

 

10,335

 

 

11,101

Current portion of lease liabilities

 

 

1,620

 

 

463

Total current liabilities

 

 

14,602

 

 

17,010

Long-term liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Long-term lease liability - less current portion

 

 

29,590

 

 

28,752

Long-term debt

 

 

70,457

 

 

70,226

Total long-term liabilities

 

 

100,047

 

 

98,978

Total liabilities

 

 

114,649

 

 

115,988

Commitments and Contingencies (Note 11)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders' equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock, $0.001 par value; 120,000,000 shares authorized as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018; 33,882,857 and 33,863,077 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively

 

 

34

 

 

34

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

308,830

 

 

306,053

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(226,497)

 

 

(201,109)

Total stockholders' equity

 

 

82,367

 

 

104,978

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

 

$

197,016

 

$

220,966

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

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KALA PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

March 31, 

 

    

2019

    

2018

 

 

 

Product revenues, net

 

$

1,386

 

$

 —

Costs and expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of product revenues

 

 

241

 

 

 —

Selling, general and administrative

 

 

18,236

 

 

5,482

Research and development

 

 

6,959

 

 

5,657

Total costs and expenses

 

 

25,436

 

 

11,139

Loss from operations

 

 

(24,050)

 

 

(11,139)

Other income (expense):

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest income

 

 

756

 

 

209

Interest expense

 

 

(2,094)

 

 

(367)

Total other income (expense)

 

 

(1,338)

 

 

(158)

Net loss

 

$

(25,388)

 

$

(11,297)

Net loss per share—basic and diluted

 

$

(0.75)

 

$

(0.46)

Weighted average shares outstanding—basic and diluted

 

 

33,878,021

 

 

24,542,428

 

See accompanying notes to these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

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KALA PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

(In thousands, except share data)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Stock

 

Additional

 

 

 

 

Total

 

 

$0.001 Par Value

 

Paid-In

 

Accumulated

 

Stockholders'

 

  

Shares

 

Amount

  

Capital

  

Deficit

  

Equity

Balance as of December 31, 2017

 

24,538,309

 

$

25

 

$

224,025

 

$

(134,371)

 

$

89,679

Exercise of stock options

 

17,785

 

 

 —

 

 

28

 

 

 —

 

 

28

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

1,861

 

 

 —

 

 

1,861

Net loss

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

(11,297)

 

 

(11,297)

Balance as of March 31, 2018

 

24,556,094

 

$

25

 

$

225,914

 

$

(145,668)

 

$

80,271

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance as of December 31, 2018

 

33,863,077

 

$

34

 

$

306,053

 

$

(201,109)

 

$

104,978

Exercise of stock options

 

19,780

 

 

 —

 

 

39

 

 

 —

 

 

39

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

2,738

 

 

 —

 

 

2,738

Net loss

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

(25,388)

 

 

(25,388)

Balance as of March 31, 2019

 

33,882,857

 

$

34

 

$

308,830

 

$

(226,497)

 

$

82,367

 

See accompanying notes to these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements

 

 

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KALA PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS 

(In thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

March 31, 

 

    

2019

 

2018

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(25,388)

 

$

(11,297)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to cash used in operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation

 

 

170

 

 

81

Amortization of right-of-use assets

 

 

437

 

 

93

Amortization of debt discount and other non-cash interest

 

 

231

 

 

31

Stock-based compensation

 

 

2,473

 

 

1,861

Change in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

(4,674)

 

 

 —

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

619

 

 

(241)

Inventory

 

 

(1,056)

 

 

 —

Accounts payable

 

 

(3,206)

 

 

(229)

Accrued expenses

 

 

(766)

 

 

(2,916)

Lease liabilities and other long-term liabilities

 

 

(10)

 

 

(97)

Net cash used in operating activities

 

 

(31,170)

 

 

(12,714)

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases of property and equipment

 

 

(444)

 

 

(373)

Net cash used in investing activities

 

 

(444)

 

 

(373)

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from venture debt, net of debt issuance costs of $0 and $50

 

 

 —

 

 

2,728

Payment of principal and prepayment penalty on venture debt

 

 

 —

 

 

(1,667)

Payment of principal on finance leases

 

 

(10)

 

 

 —

Proceeds from exercise of stock options

 

 

39

 

 

28

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

 

29

 

 

1,089

Net decrease in cash and restricted cash:

 

 

(31,585)

 

 

(11,998)

 Cash and restricted cash at beginning of period

 

 

183,104

 

 

114,699

 Cash and restricted cash at end of period

 

 

151,519

 

 

102,701

Reconciliation of cash and restricted cash:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Cash and restricted cash at end of period

 

 

151,519

 

 

102,701

 Less restricted cash

 

 

(12,575)

 

 

(2,176)

 Cash at end of period

 

$

138,944

 

$

100,525

Non-cash investing and financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Right-of-use asset obtained in exchange for finance lease obligation

 

$

136

 

$

 —

 Purchases of property and equipment in accounts payable

 

 

409

 

 

 —

Supplemental disclosure:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Cash paid for interest

 

$

1,862

 

$

406

 Right-of-use asset obtained in exchange of operating lease obligation

 

 

1,878

 

 

 —

 

See accompanying notes to these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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KALA PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

1. NATURE OF BUSINESS AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION

Nature of BusinessKala Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (the “Company”) was incorporated on July 7, 2009, and is a biopharmaceutical company focused on the development and commercialization of therapeutics using its AMPPLIFY mucus-penetrating particle (“MPP”) Drug Delivery Technology, with an initial focus on the treatment of eye diseases. The Company has applied the AMPPLIFY technology to loteprednol etabonate (“LE”), a corticosteroid designed for ocular applications, resulting in the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s (the “FDA”) approval of INVELTYS ® (loteprednol etabonate ophthalmic suspension) 1% as the first and only twice-daily ocular corticosteroid for treatment of post-operative inflammation and pain following ocular surgery, and the development of its lead product candidate, KPI-121 0.25%, for the temporary relief of the signs and symptoms of dry eye disease. On October 16, 2018, the Company submitted a New Drug Application to the FDA for KPI-121 0.25%, for which the FDA has granted a target action date under the Prescription Drug User Fee Act (“PDUFA”) of August 15, 2019. In addition, based upon the recommendation of the FDA, the Company initiated an additional Phase 3 clinical trial (“STRIDE 3”) (STRIDE- Short Term Relief In  Dry Eye), in the third quarter of 2018 evaluating KPI-121 0.25% for the temporary relief of the signs and symptoms of dry eye disease. The Company expects to receive top-line results for STRIDE 3 in the fourth quarter of 2019. The Company is evaluating opportunities for MPP nanosuspensions of LE with less frequent daily dosing regimens for the temporary relief of the signs and symptoms of dry eye disease and for potential chronic treatment of dry eye disease. The Company is also evaluating compounds in its receptor Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor program (the “rTKI program”), that inhibit the vascular endothelial growth factor (“VEGF”), pathway, for the potential treatment of a number of retinal diseases.

In January 2019, the Company launched its first commercial product, INVELTYS, in the United States. The Company is currently engaged in the commercialization of INVELTYS, research and development activities, raising capital and recruiting skilled personnel. The Company is subject to a number of risks similar to those of other companies conducting high‑risk, early‑stage research and development of pharmaceutical product candidates and launching a product for the first time. Principal among these risks are dependence on key individuals and intellectual property, competition from other products and companies and the technical risks associated with the successful research, development and marketing of its product candidates. The Company’s success is dependent upon its ability to raise additional capital in order to fund ongoing and future research and development, obtain regulatory approval of its product candidates, successfully commercialize its products, generate revenue, meet its obligations, and, ultimately, attain profitable operations.

Liquidity— Since inception, the Company has incurred significant losses from operations and negative cash flows from operations. As of March 31 2019, the Company had an accumulated deficit of $226.5 million. The Company has generated only limited revenues to date from product sales and has financed operations primarily through its initial public offering of common stock (“IPO”), private placements of preferred stock, convertible debt financings, borrowings under credit facilities, warrants, public common stock offerings, sales of its common stock under its at-the-market offering facility and to a lesser extent, payments received in connection with various feasibility studies. The Company has devoted substantially all of its financial resources and efforts to research and development, including preclinical studies and clinical trials and engaging in activities to commercialize INVELTYS. The Company expects to continue to incur significant expenses and operating losses over the next several years. Net losses may fluctuate significantly from quarter-to-quarter and year-to-year.

The Company believes that its existing cash on hand as of March 31, 2019, will enable it to fund its planned operating expenses, debt service obligations and capital expenditure requirements for at least twelve months from the date these condensed consolidated financial statements were issued. This evaluation is based on relevant conditions and events that are known and reasonably knowable at the date that the condensed consolidated financial statements are issued. As a result, the Company could deplete its available capital resources sooner than it currently expects.

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KALA PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

 

Use of Estimates—The preparation of condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue, expense, and related disclosures. The Company bases estimates and assumptions on historical experience when available and on various factors that it believes to be reasonable under the circumstances. The Company evaluates its estimates and assumptions on an ongoing basis. Estimates and assumptions relied upon in preparing these condensed consolidated financial statements relate to, but are not limited to, revenue recognition, inventory, the present value of lease liabilities and the corresponding right-of-use assets, the fair value of warrants, stock compensation, accrued expenses and the recoverability of the Company’s net deferred tax assets and related valuation allowance. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

Net Loss per Share—Basic net loss per share is computed using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted net loss per share is computed using the sum of the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period and, if dilutive, the weighted average number of potential shares of common stock, including the assumed exercise of stock options and warrants.

Basic and diluted shares outstanding are the same for each period presented as all common stock equivalents would be antidilutive due to the net losses incurred.

Unaudited Interim Financial Information—The condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company included herein have been prepared, without audit, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP have been condensed or omitted from this report, as is permitted by such rules and regulations. The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments consisting of normal, recurring adjustments, that are necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position, results of operations, statement of stockholders’ equity and cash flows for the interim periods presented. Interim results are not necessarily indicative of results for a full year. Accordingly, these condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018 (the “Annual Report”).

The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Kala Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and its wholly owned subsidiary, Kala Pharmaceuticals Security Corporation. All intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.

2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

The Company’s significant accounting policies are described in Note 2, “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies,” to the consolidated financial statements included in the Annual Report. There have been no material changes to the significant accounting policies during the period ended March 31, 2019 other than those noted below.

Revenue

The Company accounts for revenue in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. Under ASC Topic 606, an entity recognizes revenue when its customer obtains control of promised goods or services, in an amount that reflects the consideration that the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The Company performs the following five steps to recognize revenue under ASC Topic 606: (i) identify the contract(s) with a customer; (ii) identify the performance obligations in the contract; (iii) determine the transaction price; (iv) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and (v) recognize revenue when (or as) the entity satisfies a performance obligation. The Company only

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KALA PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

 

recognizes revenue when it is probable that it will collect the consideration to which it is entitled in exchange for the goods or services that will be transferred to the customer.

Product revenues, net

 

The Company sells INVELTYS to wholesalers and/ or specialty distributors in the United States (collectively, “Customers”). These Customers subsequently resell the Company’s products to specialty and other retail pharmacies. In addition to agreements with Customers, the Company enters into arrangements with payors that provide for government-mandated and/or privately-negotiated rebates, chargebacks and discounts for the purchase of the Company’s products.

 

The goods promised in the Company’s product sales contracts represent a single performance obligation; as the promise to transfer the individual products to the Customer is not separately identifiable from other promises in the contracts and, therefore, not distinct. The Company recognizes revenue from product sales at the point the Customer obtains control of the product, which occurs upon delivery. The transaction price (“net sales price”) that is recognized as revenue for product sales includes the selling price to the Customer and an estimate of variable consideration. Components of variable consideration include prompt pay and other discounts, product returns, government rebates, third-party payor rebates, coverage gap rebates, incentives such as patient co-pay assistance, and other fees paid to Customers where a distinct good or service is not received. Variable consideration is recorded on the consolidated balance sheet as either a reduction of accounts receivable, if payable to a Customer, or as a current liability, if payable to a third-party other than a Customer. The Company considers all relevant information when estimating variable consideration such as assessment of its current and anticipated sales and demand forecasts, specific known market events and trends, industry data and current contractual and statutory requirements that are reasonably available. The Company includes estimated amounts in the net sales price to the extent it is determined probable that a significant reversal of cumulative revenue recognized will not occur when the uncertainty associated with the variable consideration is resolved.

Payment terms with Customers do not exceed one year and, therefore, the Company does not account for a significant financing component in its arrangements. The Company expenses incremental cost of obtaining a contract with a Customer when incurred as the period of benefit is less than one year. 

 

Reserves for Variable Consideration:

 


Trade Discounts and Allowances

 

The Company provides its Customers with certain trade discounts and allowances including discounts for prompt payments and fees paid for distribution, data and administrative services. These discounts and fees are based on contractually-determined percentages and are recorded as a reduction of revenue and accounts receivable in the period in which the related product revenue is recognized.

 

Chargeback

 

Chargebacks for fees and discounts to providers represent the estimated obligations resulting from contractual commitments to sell products to qualified healthcare providers at prices lower than the list prices charged to Customers who directly purchase the product from the Company. Customers charge the Company for the difference between what they pay for the product and the ultimate selling price to the qualified healthcare providers. These components of

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KALA PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

 

variable consideration are established in the same period that the related revenue is recognized, resulting in a reduction of product revenue and accounts receivable. Reserves for chargebacks consist of credits the Company expects to issue for units that remain in the distribution channel at the end of each reporting period and that the Company expects will be sold to qualified healthcare providers, as well as chargebacks that Customers have claimed, but for which the Company has not yet issued a credit.

 

Product Returns

 

Consistent with industry practice, the Company has a product returns policy that provides Customers a right of return for product purchased within a specified period prior to and subsequent to the product’s expiration date. The Company estimates the amount of its products that may be returned and presents this amount as a reduction of revenue in the period the related product revenue is recognized, in addition to establishing a liability. The Company’s estimates for product returns are based upon available industry data and its own sales information, including its visibility into the inventory remaining in the distribution channel.

 

Commercial Payor and Medicare Part D Rebates 

 

The Company contracts with certain third-party payors, primarily pharmacy benefit managers (“PBMs”) and health plans (“Plans”), for the payment of rebates with respect to utilization of its product. These rebates are based on contractual percentages applied to the amount of product prescribed to patients who are covered by the PBMs or the Plans with which it contracts. The Company estimates the rebates for commercial and Medicare Part D payors based on the contractual discount percentage, the various payor mix for INVELTYS as well as future rebates that will be made for product that has been recognized as revenue but remains in the distribution channel at the end of each reporting period. The Company also estimates the number of patients in the prescription drug coverage gap for whom it will owe an additional liability under the Medicare Part D program. Such estimates are recorded in the same period the related revenue is recognized, resulting in a reduction of product revenue and the establishment of a current liability.

 

Government Rebates

 

The Company is subject to discount obligations under Medicaid and other government programs. For Medicaid, reserves are based on estimates of future Medicaid beneficiary utilization applied to the Medicaid unit rebate formula established by the Centers for Medicaid and Medicare Services. The Company’s liability for these rebates consists of estimates of claims for the current period and estimated future claims that will be made for product that has been recognized as revenue but remains in the distribution channel at the end of each reporting period. These reserves are recorded in the same period the related revenue is recognized, resulting in a reduction of product revenue and the establishment of a current liability.

 

Co-pay Assistance Program

 

The Company offers a co-pay assistance program (the “co-pay program”), which is intended to provide financial assistance to patients who may or may not be covered by commercial insurance or who opt out of government insurance programs. The calculation of accruals for the co-pay program is based on actual claims processed during the period as well as an estimate of the number and cost per claim that the Company expects to receive associated with product that has been recognized as revenue but remains in the distribution channel at the end of each reporting period. 

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KALA PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

 

Allowances for estimated co-pay claims are recorded in the same period the related revenue is recognized, resulting in a reduction of product revenue and the establishment of a current liability.

 

Accounts Receivable, net

 

Accounts receivable are reported on the consolidated balance sheets at outstanding amounts due from Customers for product sales. The Company deducts sales discounts for prompt payments and contractual fees for service arrangements from accounts receivable. The Company evaluates the collectability of accounts receivable on a regular basis, by reviewing the financial condition and payment history of customers, an overall review of collections experience on other accounts, and economic factors or events expected to affect future collections experience. An allowance for doubtful accounts is recorded when a receivable is deemed to be uncollectible.

The Company recorded no allowance for doubtful accounts as of March 31, 2019. The Company recorded an allowance of approximately $0.8 million for expected sales discounts, related to initial stocking discounts, prompt pay discounts and contractual fee for service arrangements, to wholesalers and distributors as of March 31, 2019.

 

Cost of Product Revenues

 

The cost of product revenues consists primarily of materials, third-party manufacturing costs, freight and distribution costs, royalty expense, allocation of labor, quality control and assurance, spoilage and other manufacturing overhead costs. The Company expenses costs of product revenues related to product candidates as research and development expenses prior to regulatory approval in the respective territory. The Company received regulatory approval for INVELTYS on August 22, 2018.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) (“ASU 2014-09”). ASU 2014-09 states that an entity should recognize revenue based on the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The FASB subsequently issued amendments to ASU 2014-09 that had the same effective date of January 1, 2018. Revenue from sales of INVELTYS, as well as any other future revenue arrangements, are and will be recognized under the provisions of ASU 2014-09. While the Company adopted ASU 2014-09 effective January 1, 2018, the Company did not generate any revenue from product sales prior to 2019.

In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-07, Compensation-Stock Compensation Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting (“ASU 2018-07”). ASU 2018-07 substantially aligns accounting for share-based payments to employees and non-employees. This ASU became effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within that period, and early adoption is permitted. The new standard was effective on January 1, 2019 and the adoption of ASU 2018-07 did not have an impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

 

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NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

 

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-13, Disclosure Framework - Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement  (“ASU 2018-13”). ASU 2018-13 is intended to improve the effectiveness of disclosures in the notes to financial statements related to fair value measurements in Topic 820. This ASU will become effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within that period, and early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the effect of this new guidance on its condensed consolidated financial statements.

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-15,  Intangibles - Goodwill and Other - Internal-Use Software -Customer’s Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That Is a Service Contract (“ASU 2018-15”). ASU 2018-15 aligns the accounting for implementation costs incurred in a hosting arrangement that is a service contract with the guidance on capitalizing costs associated with developing or obtaining internal-use software. This ASU will become effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within that period, and early adoption is permitted. The Company does not expect the adoption of ASU 2018-15 to have a material effect on its condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

3. INVENTORY

Inventory is stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value, on a first in, first out (“FIFO”) basis. Costs include amounts related to third party manufacturing, transportation, internal labor and overhead. Capitalization of costs as inventory begins when the product has received regulatory approval in the United States. The Company expensed inventory costs related to product candidates as research and development expenses prior to regulatory approval. For INVELTYS, capitalization of costs as inventory began upon U.S. regulatory approval on August 22, 2018. Inventory produced that will be used in a promotional sample program is expensed to selling, general and administrative expense when it is selected for use and shipped as part of a marketing program.

Inventory consists of the following (in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

March 31, 

 

December 31, 

 

    

2019

    

2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raw materials

 

$

491

 

$

350

Work in progress

 

 

4,252

 

 

3,357

Finished goods

 

 

672

 

 

388

Inventory

 

$

5,415

 

$

4,095

 

 

4. ACCRUED EXPENSES

Accrued expenses consist of the following (in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

March 31, 

 

December 31, 

 

    

2019

    

2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Compensation and benefits

 

$

3,062

 

$

5,352

Accrued revenue reserves (1)

 

 

2,718

 

 

 —

Development costs

 

 

1,623

 

 

1,223

Professional services

 

 

1,186

 

 

1,019

Commercial cost

 

 

662

 

 

1,722

Contract manufacturing

 

 

569

 

 

434

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KALA PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

 

Payable related to construction of facility

 

 

 —

 

 

1,026

Other

 

 

515

 

 

325

Accrued expenses

 

$

10,335

 

$

11,101

 


(1) As of March 31, 2019, $0.2 million of additional revenues reserves were in accounts payable.

.

 

 

5. LEASES

Operating leases

The Company entered into a three‑year lease agreement for its former headquarters (the “Waltham Lease”) on
September 30, 2013, with a commencement date of February 1, 2014. On June 30, 2016, the lease was amended to extend the term from January 31, 2017 to January 31, 2019. In connection with the lease agreement, the Company issued a letter of credit to the landlord for $84,000. The Company secured the letter of credit for the full amount of the letter with cash on deposit, which was reported as restricted cash as of December 31, 2018. With the adoption of ASU 2016-02, the Company has recorded a right-of-use asset and corresponding lease liability.

On March 15, 2018, the Company entered into a lease agreement with Duffy Associates, LLC for the lease of a portion of the building located at 465 Waverley Oaks Road, Suite 301, Waltham, Massachusetts (the “Waverley Oaks Lease”). The term of the Waverley Oaks Lease was one-year, and as a result, a right-of-use asset and corresponding lease liability was not recorded.

On February 28, 2018, the Company entered into a lease agreement with 480 Arsenal Group LLC (the “Arsenal Group”) for the lease of a portion of the building located at 490 Arsenal Way Watertown, Massachusetts (the “Watertown Lease”) to be used as its new corporate headquarters. The Company recognized the right-of-use asset and corresponding lease liability on November 15, 2018, by calculating the present value of lease payments, discounted at 9.9%, the Company’s estimated incremental borrowing rate, over the 13-year expected term.

In connection with the Watertown Lease, the Company issued a letter of credit to the Arsenal Group for $2.0 million. The Company secured the letter of credit for the full amount of the letter with cash on deposit, which is reported as restricted cash as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018. 

As of March 31, 2019, the variable lease expense for the Watertown Lease, which includes common area maintenance and real estate taxes was $0.1 million and the remaining lease term was 12.7 years. As of December 31, 2018, the remaining lease term on the lease for the Waltham Lease was 0.08 years and for the Watertown Lease was 12.83 years. 

Vehicle Fleet lease

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2019, the Company entered into a master fleet lease agreement (the “Vehicle Fleet Lease”), pursuant to which it currently leases 65 vehicles. Each lease is for a period of 36 months, which commenced upon the delivery of the vehicles in March 2019.

 

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KALA PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

 

The components of lease expense and related cash flows were as follows (in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For the three months ended March 31, 

 

    

2019

    

2018

Lease cost

    

 

  

    

 

  

Operating lease cost

 

$

1,102

 

$

99

Short-term lease cost

 

 

 

 

9

Total lease cost

 

$

1,102

 

$

108

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating cash outflows from operating leases

 

$

743

 

$

102

 

Future minimum commitments due under these lease agreements as of March 31, 2019 were as follows (in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Years Ending December 31,

 

 

Operating  Lease
Obligations (1)

 

 

Finance Lease Obligation (2)

 

 

Total

2019 (remaining nine months)

 

3,479

 

31

 

3,510

2020

 

 

4,140

 

 

41

 

 

4,181

2021

 

 

4,231

 

 

41

 

 

4,272

2022

 

 

3,926

 

 

41

 

 

3,967

2023

 

 

3,960

 

 

 —

 

 

3,960

Thereafter

 

 

35,415

 

 

 —

 

 

35,415

Present value adjustment

 

 

(24,070)

 

 

(25)

 

 

(24,095)

Present value of lease payments

 

31,081

 

129

 

31,210


(1)

Future minimum lease payments under the Company’s Watertown Lease and its Vehicle Fleet Lease.

(2)

Future minimum lease payments under the Company’s other Finance lease obligation.

 

6. DEBT

2014 Debt Facility

In November 2014, the Company entered into a venture debt facility (“2014 Debt Facility”), which was subsequently amended in October 2016, November 2017 and March 2018. The 2014 Debt Facility, as amended, increased the initial commitment under the debt facility to a total of $20.0 million of funding and extended the interest-only end date for 12 months following the execution of the March 2018 amendment. The maturity date of the 2014 Debt Facility was also extended from October 13, 2020 to March 29, 2022.

The unpaid principal balance under the 2014 Debt Facility was $20.0 million as of March 31, 2018. The unamortized discount was $0.3 million as of March 31, 2018. During the three months ended March 31, 2018, the Company recognized interest expense of $0.4 million which consisted of amortization of the debt discount of $31,000 and the contractual coupon interest expense of $0.3 million. On October 1, 2018, the Company repaid the outstanding principal balance under the 2014 Debt Facility of $20.0 million. In connection with the repayment of the 2014 Debt Facility, the Company paid a prepayment fee of $0.2 million.

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KALA PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

 

Athyrium Credit Facility

On October 1, 2018, the Company entered into a credit agreement (the “Athyrium Credit Facility”), with Athyrium Opportunities III Acquisition LP (“Athyrium”) for up to $110.0 million. The Athyrium Credit Facility provides for a Term Loan A in the aggregate principal amount of $75.0 million (the “Term Loan A”), and a Term Loan B in the aggregate principal amount of $35.0 million (the “Term Loan B”). On October 1, 2018, the Company borrowed the entire principal amount of the Term Loan A. The Company may draw down the Term Loan B upon either (i) FDA approval of KPI-121 0.25% for a dry eye disease indication or (ii) reaching certain net product revenues for INVELTYS, in each case on or prior to June 30, 2020. The maturity date of the Athyrium Credit Facility is October 1, 2024. 

The Term Loan A bears interest at a rate of 9.875% per annum, with quarterly, interest-only payments until the fourth anniversary of the Term Loan A. The unpaid principal amount of the Term Loan A is due and payable in quarterly installments starting on the fourth anniversary of the loan.  The Company may make voluntary prepayments, in whole or in part, and subject to certain exceptions, is required to make mandatory prepayments upon the occurrence of certain events of default as defined in the agreement, including but not limited to, the occurrence of a change of control. In addition, upon payment or repayment of any outstanding balance under the Athyrium Credit Facility, the Company will have to pay a 1% exit fee of the total principal payments (whether mandatory, voluntary, or at maturity) made throughout the term. The exit fee of $0.7 million based on the $75 million principal amount outstanding, will be accreted to the carrying amount of the debt using the effective interest method over the term of the loan.

All mandatory and voluntary prepayments of the Athyrium Credit Facility are subject to the payment of prepayment premiums as follows: (i) if prepayment occurs prior to the second anniversary of the applicable date of issuance, an amount equal to the amount by which (a) the present value of 105% of the principal prepaid plus all interest that would have accrued on such principal through such second anniversary exceeds (b) the amount of principal prepaid, (ii) if prepayment occurs on or after the second anniversary of the applicable date of issuance but prior to the third anniversary of such issuance, an amount equal to 3% of the principal prepaid, and (iii) if prepayment occurs on or after the third anniversary of the applicable date of issuance but prior to the fourth anniversary of such issuance, an amount equal to 2% of the principal prepaid. No prepayment premium is due on any principal prepaid after the fourth anniversary of the applicable date of issuance.

The Athyrium Credit Facility includes features requiring (1) additional interest rate upon an event of default accrued at an additional 3%, or a total interest rate of 12.875%, and (2) the lender’s right to declare all outstanding principal and interest immediately payable upon an event of default. These two features were analyzed and determined to be embedded derivatives to be valued as separate financial instruments. These embedded derivatives were bundled and valued as one compound derivative in accordance with the applicable accounting guidance for derivatives and hedging transactions. The Company determined that, due to the unlikely event of default, the embedded derivatives have a de minimus value as of March 31, 2019. The derivative liability will be remeasured at fair value at each reporting date, with changes in fair value being recorded as other income (expense) in the consolidated statements of operations.

The Athyrium Credit Facility is secured by a pledge of substantially all of the Company’s assets and contains affirmative and negative covenants customary for financings of this type, including limitations on the Company’s and its subsidiaries’ ability to, among other things, incur and prepay additional debt, grant or permit additional liens, make investments and acquisitions, merge or consolidate with others, dispose of assets, change in the nature of business, enter into sale and leaseback transactions, make distributions, and enter into affiliate transactions, in each case, subject to certain exceptions. In addition, the Athyrium Credit Facility also contains a financial covenant requiring the Company to maintain at least $10.0 million of cash and cash equivalents. As a result of this financial covenant, the Company has recorded $10.0 million as restricted cash as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018. 

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KALA PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

 

In connection with the Athyrium Credit Facility, the Company issued a warrant (“Warrant”), to purchase up to 270,835 shares of the Company’s common stock, at an exercise price per share of $12.18456. The Warrant is immediately exercisable as to 184,660 shares and will become exercisable as to the remaining 86,175 shares only upon the Company’s draw of the Term Loan B. The Warrant is exercisable through October 1, 2025 and is classified as an equity instrument. The Company allocated the proceeds from the Term Loan A to the Warrant using the relative fair value method. The initial fair value of the Warrant of $1.9 million was recognized as equity and a corresponding debt discount.

In addition, the Company paid certain fees to Athyrium and other third party service providers in the aggregate amount of $3.0 million. These fees paid to Athyrium were recorded as a debt discount while the fees paid to other third party service providers were recorded as debt issuance cost, respectively, in the aggregate amount of $3.0 million. These costs, along with the fair value of the Warrant of $1.9 million are being amortized using the effective interest method over the term of the Athyrium Credit Facility. The amortization of debt discount and debt issuance cost is included in interest expense within the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. As of March 31, 2019, the effective interest rate was 11.42%, which takes into consideration the non-cash accretion of the exit fee and the amortization of the debt discount and issuance costs. During the three months ended March 31, 2019, the Company recognized interest expense of $2.0 million which consisted of amortization of the debt discount of $0.2 million, and the contractual coupon interest expense of $1.8 million.

The components of the carrying value of the debt as of March 31, 2019, are detailed below (in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

 

March 31, 

 

    

2019

Principal loan balance

 

$

75,000

Unamortized debt discount and issuance cost

 

 

(4,615)

Accretion of exit fee

 

 

72

Long-term debt, net

 

$

70,457

 

The future annual principal payments due under the Athyrium Credit Facility as of March 31, 2019 were as follows (in thousands):

 

 

 

 

Years Ending December 31,

    

 

 

2019 (remaining nine months)

 

 

 —

2020

 

 

 —

2021

 

 

 —

2022

 

 

16,665

2023

 

 

33,330

Thereafter

 

 

25,005

Total

 

$

75,000

 

 

7. WARRANTS

The Company issued warrants in connection with debt transactions that were completed prior to 2017. Upon the completion of the IPO, the Company’s then outstanding warrants to purchase preferred stock converted into warrants to purchase common stock. The Company also issued the Warrant to purchase common stock in connection with the Athyrium Credit Facility, described further in Note 6.

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KALA PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

 

The following table summarizes the common stock warrants outstanding as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, each exercisable into the number of shares of common stock set forth below as of the specified dates:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares Exercisable at

 

 

Exercise

    

Expiration

    

Exercisable

    

March 31, 

    

 

December 31, 

Issued

 

Price

 

Date

 

From

 

2019

 

 

2018

2013

 

$

7.50

 

April 2021

 

July 2017

 

82,816

 

 

82,816

2014

 

$

7.50

 

November 2024

 

July 2017

 

16,000

 

 

16,000

2016

 

$

8.27

 

October 2026

 

September 2017

 

14,512

 

 

14,512

2018

 

$

12.18

 

October 2025

 

October 2018

 

184,660

 

 

184,660

2018

 

$

12.18

 

October 2025

 

(1)

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

297,988

 

 

297,988


(1)

As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, warrants outstanding to acquire 86,175 of common stock are not exercisable and are only exercisable upon draw down of Term Loan B.

 

8. EQUITY FINANCINGS

On August 9, 2018, the Company filed a shelf registration statement on Form S-3 with the SEC, which was declared effective on August 27, 2018 (the “Shelf Registration”). Under the Shelf Registration, the Company may offer and sell up to $250.0 million of a variety of securities including common stock, preferred stock, warrants, depositary shares, debt securities, purchase contracts, purchase units or any combination of such securities during the three-year period that commenced upon the Shelf Registration becoming effective. On October 5, 2018, the Company sold 7,500,000 shares of the Company’s common stock (the “Shares”) in an underwritten offering pursuant to the Shelf Registration at a public offering price of $8.25 per share, before underwriting discounts and commissions. In addition, the underwriters were granted an overallotment option to purchase an additional 1,125,000 shares of the common stock at the same public offering price, less underwriting discounts and commissions (the “Overallotment Shares”). On October 11, 2018, the underwriters exercised in full their option to purchase the Overallotment Shares. The total number of Shares and Overallotment Shares sold by the Company in the offering was 8,625,000 shares, resulting in net proceeds to the Company, after underwriting discounts and offering expenses, of approximately $66.1 million.

In connection with the filing of the Shelf Registration, the Company entered into a sales agreement with Jefferies, LLC (the “Sales Agreement”) pursuant to which the Company may issue and sell, from time to time, up to an aggregate of $50.0 million of its common stock in an at-the-market equity offering (“ATM Offering”) through Jefferies, LLC, as sales agent. The Company has issued an aggregate of 518,135 shares of its common stock under the ATM Offering, resulting in net proceeds to the Company of approximately $4.6 million.

Under the Shelf Registration, the Company may periodically offer one or more types of securities in amounts, at prices and on terms announced, if and when the securities are ever offered, of up to an additional $174.0 million.

9. STOCK‑BASED COMPENSATION

Stock Incentive Plans—In December 2009, the Board of Directors (the “Board”) adopted the 2009 Employee, Director and Consultant Equity Incentive Plan (the “2009 Plan”) for the issuance of common stock and stock options to employees, officers, directors, consultants, and advisors.

In July 2017, the Company’s 2017 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2017 Plan”) became effective and, as a result, no further stock options or other awards will be made under the 2009 Plan. The 2017 Plan was established to provide equity based ownership opportunities for employees, officers, directors, consultants, and advisors. As of March 31, 2019, there

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KALA PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

 

were 689,833 shares of common stock available for grant under the 2017 Plan. In addition, any shares of common stock subject to awards under the 2009 Plan that expire, are forfeited, or are otherwise surrendered, without having been fully exercised or resulting in any common stock being issued will become available for issuance under the 2017 Plan, up to an additional 2,543,292 shares, which is the number of shares issuable pursuant to outstanding awards granted under the 2009 Plan.

Also approved under the 2017 Plan is an annual increase for each of the years through December 31, 2027, equal to the least of (i) 3,573,766 shares of common stock, (ii) 4% of the shares of common stock outstanding on December 31 of the prior year and (iii) an amount determined by the Board. 

Under the plans, the Board determines the number of shares of common stock to be granted pursuant to the awards, as well as the exercise price and terms of such awards. The exercise price of incentive stock options could not be less than the fair value of the common stock on the date of grant. Stock options awarded under the plans expire 10 years after the grant date, unless the Board sets a shorter term. Options granted under the plans generally vest over a four‑year period. A portion of the unvested stock options will vest upon the sale of all or substantially all of the stock or assets of the Company.

In the past, the Company had granted stock options which contain performance‑based vesting criteria. These criteria were milestone events that were specific to the Company’s corporate goals. Stock‑based compensation expense associated with performance‑based stock options is recognized if the achievement of the performance condition is considered probable using management’s best estimates. As of March 31, 2019 there were no performance-based awards outstanding.

Employee Stock Purchase PlanIn 2017, the Company approved the 2017 Employee Stock Purchase Plan, which was amended and restated in December 2018 (as amended, the “ESPP”). The ESPP reserved an aggregate of 223,341 shares of common stock and provides for an annual increase on the first day of each fiscal year, beginning on January 1, 2019 and ending on December 31, 2029, in an amount equal to the lowest of: (1) 893,441 shares of the Company’s common stock; (2) 1% of the total number of shares of the Company’s common stock outstanding on the first day of the applicable fiscal year; and (3) an amount determined by the Company’s board of directors. 

The ESPP provides for two six-month offering periods each year; the first offering period begins on the first trading day on or after each January 1; the second offering period begins on the first trading day on or after each July 1. Under the ESPP, participating employees can authorize the Company to withhold a portion of their base pay during consecutive six-month payment periods for the purchase of shares of the Company’s common stock. At the conclusion of the period, participating employees can purchase shares of the Company’s common stock at 85% of the lesser of the closing price of the common stock on (i) the first business day of the plan period or (ii) the exercise date. The fair value of the purchase rights granted under this plan was estimated on the date of grant, using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model. No shares of the Company’s common stock were purchased under the ESPP during the three months ended March 31, 2019 as the current six-month offering period ends on June 30, 2019.

Inducement Stock Option Awards—During the three months ended March 31, 2019, the Company granted non-statutory stock options to purchase an aggregate of 85,500 shares of the Company’s common stock to fourteen new employees. These stock options will vest over a four-year period, with 25% of the shares underlying each option award vesting on the one-year anniversary of the applicable employees’ new hire date and the remaining 75% of the shares underlying each award vesting monthly thereafter for three-years. Vesting of each option is subject to such employee’s continued service with the Company through the applicable vesting dates. These stock options were granted outside of the 2017 Plan as an inducement material to each employee’s acceptance of employment with the Company in accordance with Nasdaq Listing Rule 5635(c)(4).

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KALA PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

 

A summary of option activity for employee and non‑employee awards under the 2009 Plan, the 2017 Plan and inducement grants for the three months ended March 31, 2019 is as follows:

A summary of option activity for employee and non‑employee awards under the 2009 Plan, the 2017 Plan and inducement grants for the three months ended March 31, 2019 is as follows (in thousands, except share and per share amounts):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted

 

Average

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average

 

Remaining

 

Aggregate

 

 

Number of

 

Exercise

 

Contractual

 

Intrinsic

 

    

Shares

    

Price

    

Term

    

Value

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Years)

 

 

(in thousands)

Outstanding at January 1, 2019

 

5,111,690

 

$

8.96

 

8.0

 

$

3,771

Granted

 

1,894,425

 

 

5.24

 

 

 

 

 

Exercised

 

(19,780)

 

 

1.96

 

 

 

 

 

Forfeited

 

(67,943)

 

 

15.46

 

 

 

 

 

Outstanding at March 31, 2019

 

6,918,392

 

$

7.90

 

8.3

 

$

18,582

Vested or expected to vest at March 31, 2019

 

6,918,392

 

$

7.90

 

8.3

 

$

18,582

Options exercisable at March 31, 2019

 

2,954,722

 

$

6.27

 

7.1

 

$

10,905

 

The Company records stock‑based compensation related to stock options granted at fair value. The Company utilizes the Black‑Scholes option‑pricing model to estimate the fair value of stock option grants and to determine the related compensation expense. The assumptions used in calculating the fair value of stock‑based payment awards represent management’s best estimates. There were 791,170 options granted during the three months ended March 31, 2018.

 

The assumptions used in determining fair value of the stock options granted and shares purchasable under the ESPP during the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 are as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31, 

 

 

2019

    

2018

 

Expected volatility

 

61%

82%

 

83%

83%

 

Risk-free interest rate

 

2.49%

2.58%

 

2.63%

2.71%

 

Expected dividend yield

 

 

0%

 

 

 

0%

 

 

Expected term (in years)

 

0.50

6.63

 

5.81

6.06

 

 

The Company derived the risk‑free interest rate assumption from the U.S. Treasury rates for U.S. Treasury zero‑coupon bonds with maturities similar to those of the expected term of the awards being valued. The Company based the assumed dividend yield on its expectation of not paying dividends in the foreseeable future. The Company calculated the weighted‑average expected term of options using the simplified method, as the Company lacks relevant historical data due to the Company’s limited operating experience. The estimated volatility is based upon the historical volatility of comparable companies with publicly available share prices. The impact of forfeitures on compensation expense is recorded as they occur.

During the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, the weighted average grant‑date fair value of options granted was $3.71 and $9.25, respectively. The fair value is being expensed over the vesting period of the options on a straight‑line basis as the services are being provided. As of March 31, 2019, there was $25.2 million of unrecognized compensation cost related to the stock options granted, which is expected to be expensed over a weighted‑average period of 2.91 years.

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KALA PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

 

Reserved Shares—As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the Company had reserved the following shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of rights under equity compensation plans and inducement stock option awards:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

March 31, 

 

December 31, 

 

    

2019

    

2018

 

 

 

 

 

Warrant rights to acquire Common Stock

 

384,163

 

384,163

ESPP

 

561,971

 

223,341

Shares reserved for outstanding inducement stock option awards

 

583,500

 

498,000

2009 Plan

 

2,543,292

 

2,563,072

2017 Plan

 

4,485,433

 

3,130,910

Total

 

8,558,359

 

6,799,486

 

Stock-based Compensation Expenses—Stock‑based compensation expense was classified in the statements of operations as follows (in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

March 31, 

 

 

 

2019

    

2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of product revenues

 

$

 2

 

$

 

Research and development

 

 

607

 

 

639

 

Selling, general and administrative

 

 

1,864

 

 

1,222

 

Total

 

$

2,473

 

$

1,861

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For three months ended March 31, 2019, stock-based compensation expense for the Company’s manufacturing employees related to INVELTYS manufactured since the FDA approval of $0.3 million has been capitalized into inventory as a component of overhead expense.  Capitalized stock-based compensation is recognized as cost of product revenues when the related product is sold or expensed to research and development when the related sample is issued.

 

10. INCOME TAXES

The Company did not record a provision or benefit for income taxes during the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018. The Company continues to maintain a full valuation allowance for its U.S. federal and state deferred tax assets.

The Company has evaluated the positive and negative evidence bearing upon its ability to realize the deferred tax assets. Management has considered the Company’s history of cumulative net losses incurred since inception and its generation of limited revenue from product sales since inception and has concluded that it is more likely than not that the Company will not realize the benefits of the deferred tax assets. Management reevaluates the positive and negative evidence at each reporting period.

Realization of the future tax benefits is dependent on many factors, including the Company’s ability to generate taxable income within the net operating loss carryforward period. Under the provisions of Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, certain substantial changes in the Company’s ownership, including a sale of the Company, or significant changes in ownership due to sales of equity, may have limited, or may limit in the future, the amount of net operating loss carryforwards, which could be used annually to offset future taxable income. The Company has determined that ownership changes have occurred as of April 2016, and such changes have not materially impacted

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KALA PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

 

the Company’s ability to utilize its net operating loss carryforwards and research and development tax credits to offset future tax liabilities. The Company may be further limited by any changes that may have occurred or may occur subsequent to December 31, 2017.

The Company files its corporate income tax returns in the United States and Massachusetts, Alabama, California, Montana, Oklahoma, Illinois, Kentucky, Pennsylvania, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina and Texas. All tax years since the date of incorporation remain open to examination by the major taxing jurisdictions (state and federal) to which the Company is subject, as carryforward attributes generated in years past may still be adjusted upon examination by the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) or other authorities if they have or will be used in a future period. The Company is not currently under examination by the IRS or any other jurisdictions for any tax year.

As of March 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company had no uncertain tax positions. The Company’s policy is to recognize interest and penalties related to income tax matters as a component of income tax expense, of which no interest or penalties were recorded for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018.

11. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

License Agreement—In 2009, the Company entered into an exclusive license agreement with The Johns Hopkins University (“JHU”), as amended in November 2012, May 2014, August 2014, October 2014 and June 2018, which licensed to the Company a portfolio of specified patent rights and remains in full force and effect. Pursuant to the terms of the agreement, as amended, the Company agreed to pay an initial license fee, minimum annual payments beginning in 2017, certain development and commercial milestone payments, royalties on product sales and reimburse all or a portion of the costs associated with the preparation, filing, prosecution and maintenance of the agreed‑upon patents and patent applications to JHU.

After 2016 and until the first commercial sale of product, which occurred in January 2019, the minimum annual payment was $37,500. Upon the first commercial sale of INVELTYS, the annual minimum payment increased to $0.1 million. The Company is obligated to pay JHU low single‑digit running royalties based upon a percentage of net sales of the licensed products. The Company also has an obligation to pay JHU certain one‑time development and commercial milestone payments. During the three months ended March 31, 2019 the Company paid JHU $0.3 million related to the first commercial sale milestone.

The Company recorded research and development expenses related to the JHU agreement of $0 and $82,000, respectively, for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018.

Litigation—The Company is not currently subject to any material legal proceedings.

Other Commitments — The Company entered into a commercial supply agreement with Catalent Pharma Solutions, LLC to manufacture commercial supplies of INVELTYS and KPI-121 0.25%, with annual minimum purchase requirements. The Company became subject to the minimum purchase requirements for INVELTYS upon receiving  FDA approval for the product.

 

 

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KALA PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

 

12. SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

The Company has evaluated all events and transactions that occurred after the balance sheet date through the date of this filing. During this period, the Company did not have any material subsequent events that impacted its consolidated financial statements or disclosures.

 

 

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Item 2.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read together with our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto appearing elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, which was filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 12, 2019.

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements that involve substantial risks and uncertainties. The words “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “might,” “plan,” “predict,” “project,” “target,” “potential,” “would,” “could,” “should,” “continue” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements contain these identifying words. There are a number of important risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those indicated by forward-looking statements. We may not actually achieve the plans, intentions or expectations disclosed in   our forward-looking statements, and you should not place undue reliance on our forward-looking statements. Actual results or events could differ materially from the plans, intentions and expectations disclosed in the forward-looking statements we make. We have included important factors in the cautionary statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, particularly in the section entitled “Risk Factors” in Part II, Item 1A that we believe could cause actual results or events to differ materially from the forward-looking statements that we make. Our forward-looking statements do not reflect the potential impact of any future acquisitions, mergers, dispositions, joint ventures or investments that we may make.  

We are a biopharmaceutical company focused on the development and commercialization of therapeutics using our proprietary AMPPLIFY™ mucus-penetrating particle, or MPP, drug delivery technology, with an initial focus on the treatment of eye diseases. The innovative MPP technology, which we refer to as our AMPPLIFY technology, uses selectively‑sized nanoparticles that each have a proprietary coating. We believe that these two key attributes enable even distribution of drug particles on mucosal surfaces and significantly increase drug delivery to target tissues by enhancing mobility of drug particles through mucus and preventing drug particles from becoming trapped and eliminated by mucus. We have applied the AMPPLIFY technology to loteprednol etabonate, or LE, a corticosteroid designed for ocular applications, resulting in the August 2018 approval of INVELTYS ® (loteprednol etabonate ophthalmic suspension) 1%, or INVELTYS, the first and only topical twice-a-day ocular steroid for the treatment of inflammation and pain following ocular surgery, by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, or the FDA, and the development of our lead product candidate, KPI‑121 0.25%, for the temporary relief of the signs and symptoms of dry eye disease. We commercially launched INVELTYS in January 2019.

KPI‑121 0.25% is our product candidate for patients with dry eye disease utilizing a two‑week course of therapy. In January 2018, we announced topline results from two completed Phase 3 clinical trials, which we refer to as STRIDE 1 and STRIDE 2 (STRIDE-  Short Term Relief In  Dry  Eye), evaluating the safety and efficacy of KPI-121 0.25% versus vehicle (placebo) in patients with dry eye disease. In STRIDE 1, statistical significance was achieved for the primary sign endpoint of conjunctval hyperemia and the primary symptom endpoint of ocular discomfort severity change from baseline to day 15 in the intent to treat, or ITT, population; in addition, statistical significance was also achieved in STRIDE 1 for a second pre-specified primary symptom endpoint of ocular discomfort severity change from baseline to day 15 in patients with more severe baseline ocular discomfort. In STRIDE 2, statistical significance was achieved for the primary sign endpoint of conjunctival hyperemia, but statistical significance was not achieved for the primary symptom endpoint of ocular discomfort severity. KPI‑121 0.25% was generally well tolerated in both STRIDE 1 and STRIDE 2, with no clinically significant treatment‑related adverse events observed during the course of either trial, and with elevations in interocular pressure, or IOP, in both trials similar to placebo.

In December 2018, the FDA accepted for filing our new drug application, or NDA, for KPI‑121 0.25% and set a target action date under the Prescription Drug User Fee Act, or PDUFA, of August 15, 2019.  Based upon the recommendation of the FDA, we also initiated an additional Phase 3 clinical trial, STRIDE 3, in the third quarter of 2018 evaluating KPI‑121 0.25% for the temporary relief of the signs and symptoms of dry eye disease. We believe we have identified key factors that contributed to the differences observed in the results from STRIDE 2 compared to those of STRIDE 1 and the Phase 2 trial, and that the changes made to the inclusion/exclusion criteria of STRIDE 3 based on

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these analyses will improve the probability of success of this trial. If approved, KPI-121 0.25% could be the first FDA-approved product for the temporary relief of the signs and symptoms of dry eye disease.

INVELTYS is the first and only FDA‑approved ocular corticosteroid product with a twice-a-day dosing regimen for the treatment of post‑operative inflammation and pain. Other approved topical ocular corticosteroid products for this indication are indicated for dosing three or four times a day. In clinical trials, INVELTYS showed statistical significance in the primary efficacy endpoints of complete resolution of inflammation at day eight maintained through day 15 with no need for rescue medication compared to placebo and complete resolution of pain at day eight maintained through day 15 with no need for rescue medications compared to placebo.

We are evaluating opportunities for MPP nanosuspensions of LE with less frequent daily dosing regimens for the temporary relief of signs and symptoms of dry eye disease and potential chronic treatment of dry eye disease. We also are evaluating compounds in our receptor Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor program, or rTKI program, that inhibit the vascular endothelial growth factor, or VEGF, pathway, for the potential treatment of a number of retinal diseases.

INVELTYS received FDA approval under Section 505(b)(2) of the U.S. Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act, or the FDCA, which is the pathway we plan to rely on for the approval of KPI‑121 0.25% as well. We have retained worldwide commercial rights for INVELTYS and our current product candidates. Since the FDA approval of INVELTYS, we have built a commercial infrastructure with our own focused, specialty sales force which includes 57 territory sales managers, 7 regional sales leaders and 3 directors of national accounts. If KPI-121 0.25% is approved for the temporary relief of signs and symptoms of dry eye disease, we expect to further expand our sales force by up to an additional 100 personnel. We expect to commercialize in the United States any of our other product candidates that receive marketing approval as well. In anticipation of the potential to commercialize our product candidates in other global markets, we are evaluating a variety of collaboration, distribution and other marketing arrangements with one or more third parties.

On July 25, 2017, we completed our initial public offering of our common stock, or IPO, pursuant to which we issued and sold 6,900,000 shares of our common stock at a price of $15.00 per share, which included 900,000 shares sold pursuant to the exercise of the underwriters’ option to purchase additional shares. We received net proceeds of $94.0 million, after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions and offering expenses.

On August 9, 2018, we filed a shelf registration statement on Form S-3, or Shelf Registration, with the SEC, which was declared effective on August 27, 2018. Under the Shelf Registration, we may offer and sell up to $250.0 million of a variety of securities including common stock, preferred stock, warrants, depositary shares, debt securities, purchase contracts, purchase units or any combination of such securities during the three-year period that commenced upon the Shelf Registration becoming effective. Under the Shelf Registration, we may periodically offer one or more types of securities in amounts, at prices and on terms announced, if and when the securities are ever offered.

On October 5, 2018, we sold 7,500,000 shares of our common stock in an underwritten offering pursuant to the Shelf Registration at a public offering price of $8.25 per share, before underwriting discounts and commissions. In addition, the underwriters were granted an option to purchase an additional 1,125,000 shares of the common stock at the same public offering price, less underwriting discounts and commissions. On October 11, 2018, the underwriters exercised in full their option to purchase the additional shares. The total number of shares sold by us in the offering was 8,625,000 shares, resulting in net proceeds to us, after underwriting discounts and offering expenses, of approximately $66.1 million.

In connection with the filing of the Shelf Registration, we entered into a sales agreement with Jefferies, LLC pursuant to which we may issue and sell, from time to time, up to an aggregate of $50.0 million of our common stock in at-the-market equity offerings, or the ATM Offering, through Jefferies, LLC, as sales agent. We have issued an aggregate of 518,135 shares of our common stock under the ATM Offering resulting in net proceeds to us of approximately $4.6 million.

On October 1, 2018, we entered into a $110 million credit agreement with Athyrium Opportunities III Acquisition LP, or the Athyrium Credit Facility. The Athyrium Credit Facility provides for a Term Loan A in the

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aggregate principal amount of $75.0 million, or Term Loan A, and a Term Loan B in the aggregate principal amount of $35.0 million, or Term Loan B. On October 1, 2018, we borrowed the entire principal amount of Term A Loan. We may draw down the Term Loan B upon either (i) FDA approval of KPI-121 0.25% for a dry eye disease indication or (ii) reaching certain net product revenues for INVELTYS, in each case on or prior to June 30, 2020.

Since inception, we have incurred significant losses from operations and negative cash flows from operations. Our net losses were $25.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and $66.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2018. As of March 31, 2019, we had an accumulated deficit of $226.5 million. As we commercially launched our first product, INVELTYS, in January 2019, we have had only limited revenues to date from product sales and have financed our operations primarily through our IPO, private placements of preferred stock, convertible debt financings, borrowings under credit facilities, warrants and public common stock offerings, sales of our common stock under our ATM Offering and to a lesser extent, payments received in connection with various feasibility studies. We have devoted substantially all of our financial resources and efforts to research and development, including preclinical studies and clinical trials and engaging in activities to commercialize INVELTYS. Although we expect to continue to generate revenue from sales of INVELTYS, there can be no assurance that we will generate any such revenue or as to the timing of any such revenue, and we expect to continue to incur significant expenses and operating losses over the next several years. Our net losses may fluctuate significantly from quarter‑to‑quarter and year‑to‑year.

Financial Operations Overview

Product Revenues, Net

 

As a result of the commercial launch of INVELTYS in the United States in early January 2019, we commenced generating product revenues from sales of INVELTYS during the three months ended March 31, 2019. Our product revenues are recorded net of provisions relating to estimates for (i) trade discounts and allowances, such as discounts for prompt payment and distributor fees, (ii) estimated rebates, chargebacks and co-pay assistance program, and (iii) reserves for expected product returns. These estimates reflect current contractual and statutory requirements, known market events and trends, industry data and forecasted customer buying and payment patterns. Actual amounts may ultimately differ from these estimates. If actual results vary, estimates may be adjusted in the period such change in estimate becomes known, which could have an impact on earnings in the period of adjustment.

 

Cost of product revenues

 

Cost of product revenues consists of direct and indirect cost of manufacturing our product, INVELTYS, such as material, third-party manufacturing costs, freight, distribution, royalty expense, allocation of labor, quality control, quality assurance, spoilage and manufacturing overhead costs. We began capitalizing inventory costs for INVELTYS after receipt of FDA approval of INVELTYS on August 22, 2018. Prior to receiving FDA approval, such costs were expensed as research and development expenses.

 

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

Selling, general and administrative expenses consist primarily of salaries and related benefits, including stock‑based compensation, related to our commercial infrastructure and our executive, finance, legal, business development and support functions. Other general and administrative expenses include travel expenses, professional fees for auditing, tax, consultants and legal services and allocated facility‑related costs not otherwise included in research and development expenses.

We anticipate that our selling, general and administrative expenses will increase in the future if and as we increase our headcount to support our continued research activities and development of our product candidates or additional product candidates and continue to build our commercial infrastructure to support the commercialization of INVELTYS or of any product candidates for which we obtain marketing approval, including KPI-121 0.25%.  In addition, we anticipate increased expenses related to supporting a larger organization and increase in selling expense related to INVELTYS.

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Research and Development Expenses

Research and development expenses consist of costs associated with our research activities, including compensation and benefits for full‑time research and development employees, an allocation of facilities expenses, overhead expenses, payments to universities under our license agreements and other outside expenses. Our research and development expenses include:

·

employee‑related expenses, including salaries, related benefits, travel and stock‑based compensation;

·

expenses incurred for the preclinical and clinical development of our product candidates and under agreements with contract research organizations, or CROs, including costs of manufacturing product candidates prior to receipt of regulatory approval;

·

facilities, depreciation and other expenses, which include direct and allocated expenses for rent and maintenance of facilities and supplies; and

·

payments made under our third‑party licensing agreements, including the annual minimum royalty and reimbursable expenses for defense of agreed upon patents under a license agreement with Johns Hopkins University, or JHU.

We expense research and development costs as they are incurred. Research and development costs that are paid in advance of performance are capitalized as a prepaid expense until incurred. We track outsourced development costs by development program but do not allocate personnel costs, payments made under our license agreements or other costs to specific product candidates or development programs. These costs are included in Employee‑related costs and Other research and development costs in the line items in the tables under “Results of Operations”.

We expect our research and development expenses to increase for the foreseeable future if and as we advance our product candidate, KPI-121 0.25%, toward regulatory approval, pursue other product candidates and conduct additional clinical trials. Conducting preclinical studies and clinical trials necessary to obtain regulatory approval is costly and time‑consuming. We may never succeed in obtaining marketing approval for any of our product candidates. The probability of success for each product candidate may be affected by numerous factors, including preclinical data, clinical data, competition, manufacturing capability and commercial viability.

Our research and development programs are at various stages of development. Successful development and completion of clinical trials is uncertain and may not result in approved products. Completion dates and completion costs can vary significantly for each product candidate and future product candidate and are difficult to predict. We will continue to make determinations as to which product candidates to pursue and how much funding to direct to each product candidate on an ongoing basis in response to our ability to enter into collaborations with respect to each product candidate, the scientific and clinical success of each product candidate as well as ongoing assessments as to the commercial potential of product candidates. We will need to raise additional capital and may seek collaborations in the future to advance our various product candidates. Additional private or public financings may not be available to us on acceptable terms, or at all. Our failure to raise capital as and when needed would have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and our ability to pursue our business strategy.

Interest Income

Interest income consists of interest earned on our cash balance held in a deposit account.

Interest Expense

Interest expense primarily consists of contractual coupon interest expense, amortization of debt discounts and debt issuance costs recognized on our debt facility.

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Critical Accounting Policies and Significant Judgments and Estimates

Our management’s discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations is based on our financial statements, which we have prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, or U.S. GAAP. We believe that several accounting policies are important to understanding our historical and future performance. We refer to these policies as critical because these specific areas generally require us to make judgments and estimates about matters that are uncertain at the time we make the estimate, and different estimates—which also would have been reasonable—could have been used. On an ongoing basis, we evaluate our estimates and judgments, including those described in greater detail below. We base our estimates on historical experience and other market-specific or other relevant assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying value of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

There have been no material changes to our critical accounting policies from those described in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K, for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018 except for the addition of a revenue recognition policy as discussed in Note 2 of our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

Results of Operations

Comparison of the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 and 2018

The following table summarizes the results of our operations for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

 

 

 

March 31, 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2019

 

2018

 

Change

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

 

 

 

Product revenues, net

    

$

1,386

    

$

 —

    

$

1,386

    

Costs and expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of product revenues

 

 

241

 

 

 —

 

 

241

 

Selling, general and administrative

 

 

18,236

 

 

5,482

 

 

12,754

 

Research and development

 

 

6,959

 

 

5,657

 

 

1,302

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

25,436

 

 

11,139

 

 

14,297

 

Loss from operations

 

 

(24,050)

 

 

(11,139)

 

 

(12,911)

 

Other income (expense)

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

Interest income

 

 

756

 

 

209

 

 

547

 

Interest expense

 

 

(2,094)

 

 

(367)

 

 

(1,727)

&